• May 18, 2020 - May 22, 2020
    8:00 am - 5:00 pm

Course Length:  5 Days       Course Dates:    May 18 – 22, 2020     Course Venue:  Calgary, Alberta, Canada


Course Description:

This course provides detailed discussions and hands-on training for understanding the fundamental and main applications of waterflooding and Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR)Processes, screening criteria, main workflows commonly used to maximize recovery factor from oil and gas fields. The training course will provide fundamental and advanced knowledge of the Waterflooding and EOR process which include EOR screening criteria, vertical and lateral sweep efficiencies, EOR pilot design, reservoir surveillance, sector models, field laboratory, opportunity identification, and methodology to go from lab experiments to full field implementation.  The benefits of implementing Waterflooding and EOR will be also extensively explain trough case studies, conferences, and SPE papers. Participants will learn how conduct EOR projects to achieve production goals and maximize recovery factors under different scenarios. Participants will also gain the knowledge and skills to identify the best IOR/EOR process to be implemented in the reservoir to maximize recovery factor, improve sweep efficiency, minimize water breakthrough, and improve economic. A clear road map from lab studies to full field implementation will be presented to improve reserve extraction plan by using multi scenario evaluation approach. The course will be supplemented by practical class project example problems, group exercises and interactive group discussion designed to consolidate and reinforce learning, and identify and offer solutions to specific problems associated with integrated reservoir management of oil and gas fields.

Who Should Attend?

This course is designed for reservoir, geologist, and project engineers; assets managers; reservoir managers; project managers from oil and gas government regulatory authorities; joint venture oil and gas operators; joint venture non-operators, and others

What You Will Gain:

  • Understanding the benefits of implementing waterflooding and EOR processes in reservoirs.
  • Understanding the EOR screening criteria
  • Understanding the IRM road map, the challenges and the importance of data acquisition
  • Recognizing when implement any EOR method, its limitations, advantages and disadvantages
  • Learning how Waterflooding and EOR processes can be properly articulated with IRM to maximize oil recovery
  • Understand the objective of a Field Integrated Laboratory Evaluation and Sector Review projects
  • How digital oil field technology support Waterflooding and EOR strategies
  • Importance of reservoir simulation models for predicting waterflooding and EOR production profiles
  • Understanding the value of data and information in the decision-making process
  • Using case studies, group exercises and interactive group discussion to identify and offer solutions to specific problems associated with integrated reservoir management.

Course Content:

Day 1:  Waterflooding and EOR Overview

  • Introduction of EOR
  • History of EOR
  • Definitions of Secondary Recovery and IOR/EOR
  • SPE definition (miscible, immiscible, chemical, and thermal processes)
  • Maturity of EOR Processes
  • Target of EOR
  • Statistics of Recovery Factor by natural drive mechanisms, secondary recovery and EOR
  • Case studies discussion
  • Key Definitions Related to EOR
    • Incremental Oil
    • Vertical, Areal, Volumetric Sweep Efficiency, and Recovery Factor
    • Mobility Ratio, Residual Oil Saturation and Recovery Factor
    • Reservoir Heterogeneity: Dykstra Parsons coefficient, Lorentz coefficient
  • Reservoir Heterogeneity and recovery factor
  • Reservoir Complexity and Recovery Factor
  • Discussion and Case studies

 Day 2:  Waterflooding and EOR Screening Criteria     

  • Introduction to Screening Criteria
  • Waterflooding
    • Fractional flow, Oil Saturation After Water Flooding
    • Displacement efficiency, Buckley – Leverett theory and exercises
    • Recovery efficiency of waterflood, injection patterns, worldwide statistics
    • Case studies and best practices
    • Viscous fingering
    • Tracers
    • Monitoring of chemistry of production water, stiff diagrams interpretation
    • Hall plots (evaluation of injector wells performance)
    • Water and gas coning
    • Monitoring through Seismic
    • Magnetotellurics methods
  • Well Monitoring
    • Cement Integrity
    • Fluid sampling (oil, water, and gas)
    • BHP, PLT, measurements
    • Hydraulic fracture productivity life
    • Thief zones and channels identification
    • Skin factor. Skin factor with time
    • Water cut versus time

Day 3:  Chemical and Miscible Flooding Processes  

  • Polymer Flooding
    • Physics of Polymer Flooding
    • Dimensionless numbers
    • RF, RRF, Salinity, Adsorption.
  • Surfactant Flooding
    • Physics of Surfactant Flooding
    • Relative Permeability Curve Considerations
    • Capillary Number definition, importance
    • Chemical Adsorption, and its impact of recovery efficiency
  • Miscible Methods: Gas Injection, N2, CO2, Natural Gas
    • Phase Behavior, Minimum Miscibility Pressure
    • Lab Test to Measure Miscibility
    • Dimensionless numbers
    • Kr and Pc Considerations for Miscible Process
    • Guidelines for Designing Miscible Processes
    • EOR for gas condensate reservoir considerations
  • Case studies discussions, recovery factor discussion.

Day 4:  Thermal Recovery and EOR Pilot Design

  • Steam Injection
    • Continuous Steam Injection, Cyclic Steam Injection workflow, design considerations, injection patterns, well architectures to maximize steam efficiency.
    • SAGD principles, design, and configurations
  • Air Injection, In Situ Combustion
  • Case studies and best practices
  • Integrated laboratory and EOR Pilot Design
    • What is an integrated laboratory evaluation?
    • Objective of a IOR/EOR pilot project?
    • Key considerations during EOR pilot project design
    • Selection of area for EOR pilot guidelines
    • Variable to be monitored, logs, tracers
    • Lab results versus pilot results analysis
    • Reservoir heterogeneity estimation. Dykstra Parsons Coefficient, Lorentz Coefficient.
    • Reservoir heterogeneity and recovery factor relationship
    • Criteria for full field expansion

Day 5:  Surveillance and Monitoring of Waterflooding and EOR Methods, and Field Development Plan      

  • Injector and Producer Monitoring
  • Monitoring Plots: Hall Plot, Water Oil Ratio, Voidage Replacement Factor, And Others Key Performance Indicators
  • Logs used for Saturation Measurements, Tracers, Well Conformance
  • Magnetotellurics Methods, 3D and 4D Seismic for Reservoir Monitoring
  • Field Development Plan Guidelines
    • Field Development Plan (FDP) Guidelines for Planning
    • Fluid Injection System
    • Source, Fluid Treatment and Quality Control
    • Transport of Fluids to Injection Wells, Surface Facilities Considerations
    • Incremental Oil Cost
    • Risk Analysis
    • Environmental and Economic Aspects of EOR Methods
    • EOR Variables for Optimization
    • NPV Optimization of EOR Processes